U.S. stocks edged lower Monday, with investors taking a post-Thanksgiving pause as the holiday shopping season kicked in to high gear and retailers lured bargain hunters with Cyber Monday deals.

All three major U.S. stock indexes ended the session modestly lower.

“Markets are taking a breather to digest these gains we’ve seen in November,” said Tom Hainlin, national investment strategist at U.S. Bank Wealth Management in Minneapolis. “We’re at the higher end of a trading range we’ve been in for some time.”

Online shopping deals as part of Cyber Monday are expected to entice shoppers to spend a record $12 billion, according to Adobe Analytics, in the latest upbeat sign regarding the health of the American consumer, whose spending is responsible for about 70% of the U.S. GDP.

“Coming off four weeks of very strong and positive market activity we’re seeing investors take a bit of a breather and focus on data,” said Greg Bassuk, chief executive officer at AXS Investments in New York. “This week all eyes will be focused on additional inflation data as well as consumer confidence and spending to determine if Main Street has kept up with Wall Street.”

Resilience of the consumer and the tightness of the labor market amid signs of a dampening economy have many market-observers digesting the possibility that while the Federal Reserve has reached the end of its tightening cycle, it might keep restrictive policy rates in place for longer than expected.

Financial markets have priced in a 96.8% likelihood that the central bank will leave its Fed funds target rate unchanged at next month’s meeting, with the possibility of a rate cut starting to gain ground in mid-2024, according to CME’s FedWatch tool.

On the economic front, a larger than expected drop in new home sales added to the subdued sentiment. Later in the week, market participants look to the Commerce Department’s second take on third-quarter GDP expected on Wednesday, to be followed on Friday with its broad-ranging Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) report.

Remarks from Federal Reserve policymakers later in the week will also be parsed for clues regarding the duration of the central bank’s restrictive policy.

“We expect that (the Fed) will continue to be cautious about concluding that they’ve reached the end of rate hikes,” Hainlin added. “We’re close to – if not at – the peak rate, so the debate is how long rates will stay there, and when or if they’ll cut rates in 2024.”

Unofficially, the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 56.75 points, or 0.16%, to 35,333.4, the S&P 500 lost 8.92 points, or 0.20%, to 4,550.42 and the Nasdaq Composite dropped 9.83 points, or 0.07%, to 14,241.02.

Amid the Cyber Monday fervor, Amazon.com gained and Walmart edged higher.

Affirm Holdings surged as the payment platform’s “buy now, pay later” option was seen hitting an all-time high, boosting the online holiday sales.

Online gift platforms Etsy and Shopify ended the session with solid gains.

Elsewhere, Crown Castle International advanced as activist investor Elliott Investment Management sought executive and board changes at the wireless tower owner.

GE HealthCare sagged following UBS’s downgrade of the medical devices company’s stock to “sell” from “neutral.”

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