U.S. stock indexes ended higher Monday, their third straight session of advances, as investors continued to gain hope that there was a greater chance of the Federal Reserve cutting interest rates this year.

Expectations for rate cuts by the U.S. central bank have been tempered as the year has progressed, as inflation has proven stickier, and some investors had begun to worry they might not materialize at all, sending markets lower in April.

However, data on Friday showed U.S. job growth slowed more than expected in April, taking pressure off the U.S. central bank to keep rates higher for longer. Coupled with earnings season in corporate America surprising to the upside, this gave equity investors renewed positive moment in recent sessions.

After the Fed last week signaled it was leaning towards eventual reductions in borrowing costs, but wanted to gain “greater confidence” that inflation will continue to fall before cutting rates, policymakers reiterated that message on Monday.

Richmond Fed President Thomas Barkin said the current interest rate level should cool the economy enough to return inflation to the central bank’s 2% target, with the strength of the job market giving officials time to wait.

Barkin, a voter this year on interest rate policy, added that inflation “data whiplash” supported the Fed’s deliberative policy towards interest rates.

Meanwhile, Federal Reserve Bank of New York President John Williams said while rate cuts would happen, monetary policy was currently in a very good place.

“The primary thing that the market is trying to reason its way through is inflation and the Federal Reserve,” said Jason Pride, chief of investment strategy & research at Glenmede.

“A lot of the market’s movements have been a reflection of the market really trying to figure out and fine tune the different perspectives on inflation and rates.”

Traders are currently pricing in rate cuts worth 46 basis points from the Fed by the end of 2024, with the first cut expected in September or November, according to LSEG’s rate probability app.

According to preliminary data, the S&P 500 gained 52.91 points, or 1.03%, to end at 5,180.70 points, while the Nasdaq Composite gained 191.55 points, or 1.19%, to 16,347.88. The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 175.34 points, or 0.45%, to 38,851.02.

The majority of S&P 500 sectors ended in positive territory. The energy index was among the leading gainers, rising in part due to U.S. natural gas futures hitting their highest level in 14 weeks.

With the earnings season in full swing, investors will also keep an eye on quarterly numbers from major firms, including Walt Disney and Uber this week.

Of the 397 firms in the S&P 500 that have reported earnings through Friday, 76.8% beat analysts’ profit estimates, compared with the long-term average of 66.7%, as per LSEG data.

Arm Holdings is another with earnings on deck this week. It was up on Monday, as chipmakers broadly gained.

Micron Technology increased after a report said Baird upgraded the stock, and Advanced Micro Devices and Super Micro Computer were higher – recovering ground lost after disappointing earnings from the pair last week.

Paramount Global advanced after the media company ended its exclusive negotiations with Skydance Media without a deal, allowing the special committee to entertain other offers from rival bidders.

Tyson Foods fell after the meatpacker surpassed Wall Street expectations for second-quarter profit but warned that consumers were under pressure from persistent inflation.

Meanwhile, Spirit Airlines slumped after reporting a weak revenue outlook for the second quarter.


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